Mexico and Spain are straining their bilateral relations. – The Yucatan Times
The government of Pedro Sanchez has expressed to the government of Lopez Obrador its “huge dissatisfaction” at being excluded from the military event which will commemorate the 200th anniversary of the consummation of independence. This comes in addition to AMLO’s insistent demand that Spain apologize for the grievances during the Conquest.
MEXICO (Proceso) – Mexico and Spain are going through an unusual diplomatic crisis. The government of Pedro Sanchez has conveyed to the government of Lopez Obrador’s “huge dissatisfaction” at having been excluded from the military event which will commemorate the 200th anniversary of the consummation of independence. This comes in addition to AMLO’s insistent demand for Spain to apologize for the wrongs committed during the Conquest and the harsh remarks it made from the National Palace against Spanish companies regarding the reform of the Law on energy. During his visit to Madrid, Foreign Minister Marcelo Ebrard tried “to put out the fire,” sources from both governments told Proceso.
Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard made a stopover in Madrid on April 30, taking advantage of his trip to Russia. Focused on the supply of covid-19- vaccines, he tried to alleviate “the enormous discontent” of the government of Pedro Sánchez by learning that Spain was excluded from the series of invitations that the Mexican government has issued. addressed to different nations to participate in the symbolic commemorations that take place in 2021. Among them, the events of the 500th anniversary of the fall of Tenochtitlan and the 200th anniversary of the consummation of independence.
AMLO reiterates that the King of Spain and the Pope must apologize for the abuses committed during the conquest. At the beginning of February, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Arancha González Laya, made known the deep unease caused by such an exclusion, through the Ambassador of Mexico to Spain, María Carmen Oñate, who communicated to the Chancellery, separately confirmed to Proceso a former Spanish diplomat and member of the 4T government, both familiar with the episode and others who are going through this “Anno horribilis” for the bilateral relationship.
Throughout 2021, there are 15 iconic commemorative events. However, the highlight will be the celebration of the 200th anniversary of the consummation of independence on September 27 and before that the civic-military parade on September 16. The participation of military contingents from several countries is in preparation.
Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s disputes with Spain include the letter he sent in March 2019 to King Felipe VI, in which he asks him to admit Spain’s “historical responsibility” for the “grievances caused. “During the Conquest and to present” the political excuses or reparations “That this implies, as indicated in the president’s letter, finally made public last January.
The tension caused by the president’s constant criticism of Spanish companies, and in particular the case of the energy company Iberdrola, which was at the center of the presidential attacks as part of the reform of the energy law of his mandate, and for corruption alleged in which this company was involved in the governments of Felipe Calderón and Enrique Peña Nieto.
In this visit, Ebrard sought to match González Laya’s visit to Mexico last November. The minister tried to overcome the crisis in bilateral relations.
Although Ebrard also met with the Minister of Transport and Mobility, José Luis Ábalos, and the Minister of Science and Innovation, Pedro Duque, the central theme of the visit was to reciprocate the visit of González Laya in Mexico and trying to reduce the tension of disagreements.
At the end of the meeting, the press release issued by the SRE underlined that the Spanish minister reiterated “Spain’s desire to participate in the commemoration of the bicentenary of the achievement of Mexican independence”.
González Laya’s position is in line with the message of King Felipe VI, during his salute to the diplomatic corps accredited to Spain on January 28, in which the monarch called on Mexico to “Valuing a common past”, and reaffirmed its “firm determination to continue to contribute to the development and well-being, present and future, of its peoples and citizens”.
“Spain -he said in allusion to commemorations across America- wishes to actively accompany these celebrations which should enable us not only to promote a common past but also and above all to reaffirm our firm determination to continue to contribute to the development and well-being, present and future, of its peoples and citizens. “
The political gesture of the Mexican Foreign Ministry with its visit did not save the decision of the López Obrador government not to include Spain in the celebrations, and which maintains its request that the Spanish state request an official pardon for them. wrongs committed during the Conquest, as he points out. in his letter of March 2019.
The time of Yucatan